Sony A6400: settings, tips and tricks
The Sony A6400 is an APS-C mirrorless camera, slotting in below the Alpha A6500 in the range, and replacing the Alpha A6300. The main highlights are the Real-time Eye AF and Tracking autofocus features, an updated image processor, and a 180-degree flipping touchscreen
If you’re looking for an advanced guide for the Sony A6400 with tips and tricks to improve your understanding of this little wonder, you’ve come to the right place. I believe that the best way to learn all the features and functions is to have a good look at the menu system and gradually try to understand how everything works. This might take some time if you’ve never owned a Sony mirrorless, and even if you have, the menus have totally changed it this product. You can bookmark this page and simply refer back to it or continue reading whenever you feel like it.
So take your ILCE-A6400, press the Menu button and follow along.
Sony A6400 camera Menu system walkthrough
MENU – Red Camera Icon – page 1 (Quality settings and image size settings page 1)
Do you edit your pictures on your desktop? If so, set to RAW or RAW+jpeg. A RAW file saves all information the Sony A6400 pixels register during shooting and will make for better quality images if you want to edit in something like Adobe Lightroom.
RAW images recorded with this camera have a resolution of 14 bits per pixel. However, resolution is limited to 12 bits in the following shooting modes:
- Long Exposure NR
- Cont. Shooting (including continuous shooting in Superior Auto)
- Silent Shooting
A jpeg is a compressed image (available in FINE (larger) and STANDARD (smaller, less quality) which takes up less space on your SD card but is less suited for editing afterward. Jpeg images will also have in-camera noise reduction applied, something you might or might not want to take care of yourself later, depending on your style and preference.
JPEG Image size:
Large, medium or small is selectable (when you set Quality to jpeg). Set it to large for optimal quality, if SD card space is an issue, you can set it to Small.
Knowing the pixel size can tell you how large you can print your images without quality degradation. There are techniques nowadays to print larger, but this information might be interesting to some.
When Aspect Ratio is set to 3:2:
- L: 24M
- M: 12M
- S: 6M
When Aspect Ratio is set to 16:9:
- L: 20M
- M: 10M
When Aspect Ratio is set to 16:9:
- L: 16M
- M: 8M
- S: 4M
You can choose 3:2 (which uses the full sensor surface), 16:9 (crop but a more broad view) or 1:1 for Instagram. Leave as is at 3:2, you can always crop your pictures later when you shoot RAW.
(when in panorama shooting mode) Size is selectable between standard and wide. Wide means your picture will cover a larger area. Set it to standard, having to scan an even broader area when making panoramas will take some experience with the Sony A6400 to do efficiently.
A panorama picture (only available in jpeg) is a composite of several images stitched together. When in this mode, you’ll see an arrow that guides you in what direction and speed you should pan the Sony A6400 to take the sequential images that will be stitched together. You can choose the path in this menu (either, up, down, left or right).
MENU – Red Camera Icon – page 2 (Quality settings and image size settings page 1)
Long Exposure NR
Set if you want the processing engine to apply noise reduction for images captured with a long exposure time. Leave it ON as there is no way of duplicating this process in post production, except to take a black frame of the same length in the same atmospheric conditions.
High ISO NR
Here you can select the amount of noise reduction applied to images with high ISO settings (when quality is set to jpeg). As Sony has rather aggressive noise reduction, I would change it to Low. (if not, you run the risk of getting paint-like, smeared images at higher ISO values).
You can choose between Standard and Adobe (extended color range) RGB. This is only important if you shoot JPEG and not RAW. Adobe RGB would be preferable if you print many images because of the extended color range.
The Sony A6400 allows you to select whether you would like to apply various lens compensations (shading, chromatic aberration, distortion) even when shooting in RAW. I leave this ON, but you might get a conflict with RAW files and using a lens profile in programs like Lightroom where you’ll see a reverse vignette for instance.
MENU –Red Camera Icon – page 3 (Shoot Mode and Drive settings page 1)
Switch the auto mode between Intelligent Auto and Superior Auto.
This mode automatically detects the type of scene you’re shooting and adjusts the scene automatically. You’ll see the icon for the recognized scene appears on the top right hand of the screen.
These scenes are the same ones which can be selected individually in SCENE mode. The Sony A6400 will also use the most appropriate FOCUS AREA, and ISO value (the ISO range cannot be changed in iAuto though). Drive Mode (single shooting, continuous shooting Lo-Mid-Hi), Self-timer and Self-timer cont (multiple images with the self-timer) can be changed by using the Fn button. Works for both RAW and JPEG shooting. Disadvantage: ISO range is fixed to 50-6400 (you can’t change the range).
Superior Auto is similar to iAuto, as it also detects scenes automatically, except it uses more complex processing. This includes composite layering (layering different shots on top of each other for HDR style pictures) and automatically choosing what it thinks is the best image. You can either choose whether you want the Sony A6400 to save all images captured or just the composite image, by selecting S. Auto Img. Extract in the MENU system. Disadvantage: ISO range is (like in iAuto) fixed and only useable for jpeg shooting.
Allows you to shoot with preset settings according to the scene. (like when setting the mode dial to SCN)
Menu item details
- Portrait: Blurs background and sharpens the subject. Accentuates the skin tones softly.
- Sports Action: Shoots a moving subject at a fast shutter speed so that the subject looks as if it is standing still. The product shoots images continuously while the shutter button is pressed.
- Macro: Shoots close-ups of the subjects, such as flowers, insects, food, or small items.
- Landscape: Shoots the entire range of a scenery in sharp focus with vivid colors.
- Sunset: Shoots the red of the sunset beautifully.
- Night Scene: Shoots night scenes without losing the dark atmosphere.
- Night Portrait: Shoots night scene portraits using the flash.
- Anti Motion Blur: Allows you to shoot indoor shots without using the flash and reduces subject blur. The product shoots burst images and combines them to create the image, reducing subject blur and noise.
Superior Auto Img Extract
When in Superior Auto, the Sony A6400 takes multiple images and combines them into one (jpeg only). You can either save all images captured (OFF) or only the combined image (ON). Turn it OFF; I’ve tried this functionality, and the combined image feature does not work well.
Do you want to take a single picture when you press the shutter button or multiple images? You can select this here, as well as self-timer functions and bracketing. Bracketing is taking a series of pictures, each with different settings, useful for combining your images with various exposures for HDR effects in software afterwards, to name just one example.
You can also press the dedicated drive mode button to get to these settings.
- Single Shooting: Normal shooting mode.
- Cont. Shooting: Shoots images continuously while you press and hold down the shutter button.
- Self-timer: Shoots an image using the self-timer after a designated number of seconds have elapsed since the shutter button was pressed.
- Self-timer(Cont): Shoots a designated number of images using the self-timer after a designated number of seconds have elapsed since the shutter button was pressed.
- Cont. Bracket: Shoots images while holding the shutter button down, each with different degrees of brightness.
- Single Bracket: Shoots a specified number of images, one by one, each with a different degree of brightness.
- WB bracket: Shoots a total of three images, each with different color tones according to the selected settings for white balance, color temperature, and color filter.
- DRO Bracket: Shoots a total of three images, each at a different degree of D-Range Optimizer.
You can set the self-timer in bracket shooting mode, and the shooting order for exposure bracketing and white balance bracketing.
- Selftimer during Brkt: Sets whether to use the self-timer during bracket shooting. Also sets the number of seconds until the shutter is released if using the self-timer. (OFF/2 Sec/5 Sec/10 Sec)
- Bracket order: Sets the order of exposure bracketing and white balance bracketing.
interval shoot Func.
The Interval Shooting Function is a built in Intervalometer that can be setup up to take images at a regular intervals. Using Sony’s ‘Imaging Edge’ edit application these still images can be used to create a Time Lapse movie. On the second page of options you will see that there is an option for Silent Shooting which will save the wear and tear on your camera when shooting thousands of images. If you would prefer the camera to make a movie so that you don’t have to process the files you can use the new S&Q feature.
Menu item details
Interval Shooting: Sets whether to perform interval shooting. (On or Off)
- Shooting Start Time: Sets the time from when you press the shutter button to when interval shooting starts. (1 second to 99 minutes 59 seconds)
- Shooting Interval: Sets the shooting interval (time from when one exposure starts to when the exposure for the next shot starts). (1 second to 60 seconds)
- Number of Shots: Sets the number of shots for interval shooting. (1 shot to 9999 shots)
- AE Tracking Sensitivity: Sets the tracking sensitivity of the auto exposure against the change in luminance during interval shooting. If you select Low, exposure changes during interval shooting will be smoother. (High, Mid or Low)
- Silent Shoot. in Interval: Sets whether or not to perform silent shooting during interval shooting. (On or Off)
- Shoot Interval Priority: Sets whether or not to prioritise the shooting interval when the exposure mode is [Program Auto] or [Aperture Priority] and the shutter speed becomes longer than the time set for Shooting Interval.(On or Off)
A little bit of background: The A6500 was the last A6000 series camera that used the ‘PlayMemories Apps’. These Apps could be purchased from Sony to add specialised functions to the camera. One of the most useful of these was the TimeLapse App. Sony have added this functionality to the A6400 via the new Interval Shooting Function.
MENU – Red Camera Icon – page 4 (Shoot Mode and Drive settings page 2)
Recall (Camera Settings1/Camera Settings2)
This functionality allows you to shoot an image after recalling often-used modes or camera settings registered with the Mode Dial memory positions in advance. It is now also possible to save your camera settings to a memory card and recall them later (or on a different camera). This is done by using the ‘select Rec. media’ function inside this menu.
Memory (Camera Settings1/Camera Settings2)
This setting allows you to register up to 3 often-used modes or product settings to the product and up to 4 (M1 through M4) to the memory card. You can recall the settings using just the mode dial. You can register various functions for shooting. The items that you can register are displayed on the menu of the Sony A6400. Aperture and Shutter speed are always available. You’ll need to select your SD card first using the ‘select Rec. media’ function inside the prior menu.
Reg. custom shoot set
You can register shooting settings (such as exposure, focus setting, drive mode, etc.) to a custom key in advance and temporarily recall them while holding down the key. Simply press the custom key to switch the settings quickly and release the key to go back to the original settings. This function is useful when recording active scenes such as sports.
- MENU – Camera Settings 1 – Reg Cust Shoot Set – Select a registration number from Recall Custom hold 1 to Recall Custom hold 3.
- Using the top/bottom/left/right side of the control wheel, select the check boxes for the functions that you want to recall with one of the registration numbers and press the center to check each box.
- Select the function that you want to adjust using the top/bottom/left/right side of the control wheel, and press the center to adjust the function to the desired setting.
- Select Register.
MENU –Red Camera Icon – page 5 (Autofocus settings page 1)
Here, you can select how the autofocus engine will behave when you half-press the shutter button. Novice users should set into AF-A. This functionality is partly dependent on what focus area you select (see next)
- AF-S: With a half-press of the shutter button, the Sony A6400 will focus only once. Suitable for capturing stills.
- AF-A: AF Automatic intelligently switches between S and C, depending on whether the camera detects movement or not. This is the standard setting and the easiest to use.
- AF-C: The Sony A6400 will continuously focus on any movement when you half-press the shutter button.
- DMF: The Sony A6400 focuses on your subject and allows you to fine-tune your focus area further using the manual focus ring on the lens.
- MF: No autofocus is used, and you focus manually using the focus ring on the lens.
You can see a focus indicator on screen or EVF. When it is lit, the subject is in Focus and focus is locked.
Tip: if autofocus doesn’t seem to be working, check the lens barrel to see if the AF/MF slider is set to AF. It’s also possible to assign a button for what is called ‘Focus Hold’. With Focus Hold, you can freeze your focus point when you press this button. This is often used by photographers to allow for a greater flexibility in composition.
Another important fact is that in Movie mode, only Continuous AF and MF are available.
Priority Set in AF-S:
Sets whether to release the shutter even if the subject is not in focus when Focus Mode is set to Single-shot AF, DMF or Automatic AF and the subject is still.
- AF: Prioritizes focusing. The shutter will not be released until the subject is in focus.
- Release: Prioritizes the shutter’s release. The shutter will be released even if the subject is out of focus.
Priority Set in AF-C:
Sets whether to release the shutter even if the subject is not in focus when the continuous AF is activated and the subject is in motion.
- AF: Prioritizes focusing. The shutter will not be released until the subject is in focus.
- Release: Prioritizes the shutter’s release. The shutter will be released even if the subject is out of focus.
- Balanced Emphasis: Shoots with a balanced emphasis on both focusing and shutter release.
I have set my Priority Set in AF-C to release and usually get the quoted frame rates.
The Sony A6400 has a dual phase/contrast on-sensor autofocus system This makes it one of the fastest and most reliable AF systems in the world. You might think it is best to leave it on the wide factory setting (as this uses all AF points), but for certain scenes, it is often better to use a zone or flexible spot to get it to focus on what you want.
- Wide: Wide focus area uses all focus points on the sensor. Ideal for action scenes where there is a lot of movement going on in your frame.
- Zone: Select a zone on the monitor on which to focus, and the product will automatically select a focus area.
- Center: Focusses on whatever is centered in your images. A fail-proof way of getting the Sony A6400 to focus on what you want. If you have any problems using the autofocus and are in a situation where you don’t want to miss any shots, revert to Center and just make sure you have your subject centered.
- Flexible spot: Allows you to move the focusing frame to a desired point on the touch screen and focus on an extremely small subject in a narrow area. If you want to use this focus area, set it to medium or large, as the Sony A6400 will struggle to find focus when setting to small (except perhaps for close-up portraits where you’d want to focus on the iris of the eye)
- Expand Flexible spot: If the camera can’t focus on a single selected point, it uses focus points around the flexible spot as a secondary priority area for focusing.
- Tracking: When the shutter button is pressed and held halfway down, the product tracks the subject within the selected autofocus area. This setting is available only when the focus mode is set to Continuous AF. Point the cursor at Tracking on the Focus Area setting screen, and then select the desired area to start tracking using the left/right sides of the control wheel. You can also move the tracking start area to the desired point by designating the area as a zone, flexible spot or expand flexible spot. Accurate tracking can also make a difference when you lock onto a specific part of your subject.
Tip: You can move the focus area in Flexible Spot, Expand Flexible Spot or Zone by touching the screen.
Focus area limit
It is now possible to limit the choice of focus areas you have to cycle through to find the one you are looking for. I typically use the Expand Flexible Spot in preference to the Small, Medium and Large Flexible Spots and the Center AF area. I have unselected these options. This is useful on the A6400 because it is possible to assign a custom button to cycle through the ones that remain.
Switch V/H AF Area
This is called Orientation linked AF points in Canon language. Switch AF point/AF Area to align with your subject in landscape mode (horizontal) if you change the camera orientation to Portrait (vertical) mode.
- Off: disable this feature
- AF Point Only: If you switch to portrait mode, the A9 will automatically move the AF point in use up to align with your subject.
- AF Point AF Area: If you switch to portrait mode, the A9 will automatically move the AF point and AF area in use up.
It may not be immediately obvious what functionality this menu items provides. The full unabbreviated name is Switch Vertical /Horizontal AF Area and it allows you to create one position for the AF point when the camera is held horizontally and a different AF position for the AF point if the camera is held vertically. This means that if you place the AF point in the top right-hand corner it won’t move to the top left or bottom right-hand corners when the camera is turned.
MENU – Camera Settings – page 6 (Autofocus settings page 2)
The AF illuminator is a little red light allowing the Sony A6400 to focus more easily when the shutter button is pressed halfway. It automatically is switched off when you fully press the shutter. Leave it on except if you are using an underwater housing.
Face/Eye AF Set.
This function is used to determine whether or not the camera will focus with priority on human faces or eyes.
Eye AF Settings:
- Face Priority in AF: Sets whether or not to detect faces inside the focusing area and focus on the eyes Eye AF when autofocus is activated. (On or Off)
- Subject detection: either human or animal for animal eye AF
- Right/Left Eye Select: Specifies the eye to be detected. If Right Eye or Left Eye is selected, only the selected eye is detected. Auto : The camera detects eyes automatically. Right Eye : The right eye of the subject (the eye on the left side from the photographer’s perspective) is detected. Left Eye : The left eye of the subject (the eye on the right side from the photographer’s perspective) is detected.
- Face Detect. Frame Disp.:Sets whether or not to display the face detection frame when Face Priority in AF is set to On. (On or Off)
- Animal Eye Display: this will show a square around the eye of the animal , indicating focus.
Eye AF by custom key
The Eye AF function can also be used by assigning Eye AF to a custom key. The camera can focus on human eyes as long as you are pressing the key. This is useful when you want to temporarily apply the Eye AF function to the entire screen regardless of the setting for Focus Area.
For instance, if Focus Area is set to Flexible Spot and you want the camera to focus on an eye outside of the focusing frame, you can apply the Eye AF function by pressing the custom key to which Eye AF has been assigned, without changing Focus Area.
Switch Right/Left Eye by custom key
When Right/Left Eye Select is set to Right Eye or Left Eye, you can switch the eye to be detected by pressing the custom key to which you have assigned the Switch Right/Left Eye function.
When Right/Left Eye Select is set to Auto, you can temporarily switch the eye to be detected by pressing the custom key to which you have assigned the Switch Right/Left Eye function.
The temporary left/right selection is cancelled when you perform the following operations, etc. The camera returns to automatic eye detection.
AF with shutter
Selects whether to focus automatically when you press the shutter button halfway down. Leave ON.
Pre-AF by default was normally set to OFF on previous models. This can be a useful feature when taking selfies but can cause issues in Continuous AF (AF-C) with an AF Tracking Area selected. The camera is likely to latch on to a subject before you have identified which subject you would like to track. I recommend switching this to OFF if you are more interesting in shooting action/sports rather than selfies.
This configuration starts AF once the EVF sensor has detected your eye near the viewfinder. I’ve never used it personally, but some people might find this setting interesting as it can prolong battery life.
AF Area Registration:
You can move the focusing frame to a preassigned position temporarily using a custom key. This function is useful when shooting scenes in which the subject’s movements are predictable; for example, sports scenes. With this function, you can switch the focus area quickly according to the situation.
How to register focus area
- MENU – Camera Settings1 – AF Area Registration – On.
- Set the focus area to the desired position and then hold down the Fn (Function) button.
How to call up the registered focus area
- MENU – Camera Settings2 – Custom Key – desired key, then select Regist. AF Area hold.
- Set the camera to the shooting mode, hold down the key to which Regist. AF Area hold has been assigned and then press the shutter button to shoot images.
MENU – Red Camera Icon – page 7 (Autofocus settings page 3)
Del. Regist. AF Area:
Deletes the focusing frame position that was registered using AF Area Registration.
AF Area Auto Clear:
Sets whether the focus area should be displayed all the time or should disappear automatically shortly after focus is achieved.
Disp. cont. AF Area:
You can set whether or not to display the focus area that is in focus when Focus Area is set to Wide or Zone and Focus Mode is set to Continuous AF.
Circ. of Focus Point:
This is a new feature that, when set to ‘Circulate’, will allows the photographer to move a spot or zone AF point over the edge of the frame and have it reappear on the other side of the frame.
Sets whether to allow the focusing frame to jump from one end to the other when you move the focusing frame with Focus Area set to Zone, Flexible Spot, or Expand Flexible Spot. This function is useful when you want to move the focusing frame from one end to the other quickly.
- Does Not Circulate :The cursor does not move when you try to move the focusing frame past the end.
- Circulate :The cursor jumps to the opposite end when you try to move the focusing frame past the end.
AF Micro Adj.
Allows you to adjust and register autofocused positions for each lens when using an A-mount lens with the Mount Adaptor LA-EA2 or LA-EA4. In general use, you do not need to adjust the autofocused position using this function. Use this function only when adjustments are needed for certain focus areas or focal lengths. Use this function only when adjustments are needed for certain focal lengths.
MENU –Red Camera Icon – page 8 (Exposure settings page 1)
(Also available in the Quick Menu, accessed by pressing the FN button):
If you find that your image is overexposed (for instance when you are shooting at large apertures for a shallow depth-of-field in bright daylight), you can tweak the exposure compensation here in a plus or minus 5 (exact EV dependent on next step) range.
You can select at which ISO value you’d like to capture your image or change the Auto ISO range.
I have this range set between 100-3200 as this range is virtually noise free, and I don’t like the ISO performance above 3200. In a pinch, when you’re getting blurred images due to a too long shutter speed at low ISO, you can experiment with higher ISO settings. It’s better to get a sharp but noisy image than a blurred one….
You’ll also find the‘ISO Auto Minimum Shutter Speed’ setting here. This function enables the camera to give priority to faster shutter speeds with the disadvantage that you’ll go to higher ISO numbers more quickly. I add this menu item to my Fn menu for quick access. ISO can be modified from the right side of the Control Wheel.
This feature appeared in the A6500 and allows the user to take a spot meter reading from the position of the Spot AF point. If you change the setting to Focus Point Link you will also need to set the metering Mode and the AF Area to Spot.
Metering mode refers to the way the Sony A6400 reads the light and sets the exposure. In multi, it considers the whole frame and sets exposure according to internal algorithms programmed in camera. In spot or center, the Sony A6400 only considers what is in that spot or the center (per example, if your subject is completely black, the camera will try to compensate by overexposing the image).
- Multi: Measures light on each area after dividing the total area into multiple areas and determines the proper exposure of the entire screen (Multi-pattern metering).
- Center: Measures the average brightness of the entire screen, while emphasizing the central area of the screen (Center-weighted metering).
- Spot: Measures only the central area (Spot metering). This mode is suitable for measuring light on a specified part of the entire screen. The size of the metering circle can be selected from Spot: Standard and Spot: Large. The position of the metering circle depends on the setting for [Spot Metering Point].
- Entire Screen Avg.: Measures the average brightness of the entire screen. The exposure will be stable even if the composition or the position of the subject changes.
- Highlight: Measures the brightness while emphasizing the highlighted area on the screen. This mode is suitable for shooting the subject while avoiding overexposure.
Tip: When Spot is selected and Focus Area is set to either Flexible Spot or Expand Flexible Spot while Spot Metering Point is set to Focus Point Link, the spot metering point can be coordinated with the focus area.
Face Priority in Multi…
Sets whether the camera measures brightness based on detected faces when Metering Mode is set to Multi.
Spot Metering Point
Sets whether to coordinate the spot metering position with the focus area when Focus Area is set to Flexible Spot or Expand Flexible Spot.
Center: The spot metering position does not coordinate with the focus area, but always meters brightness at the center.
Focus Point Link: The spot metering position coordinates with the focus area.
You can set the setting range for the shutter speed, aperture, and exposure compensation values either .3 or .5 EV steps.
MENU – Red Camera Icon – page 9 (Exposure settings page 2)
AEL w shutter
Sets whether to fix the exposure when you press the shutter button halfway down. Select Off to adjust the focus and the exposure separately.
- Auto (default setting): Fixes the exposure after adjusting the focus automatically when you press the shutter button halfway down when Focus Mode is set to Single-shot AF.
- On: Fixes the exposure when you press the shutter button halfway down.
- Off: Does not adjust the exposure when you press the shutter button halfway down. Use this mode when you want to change focus and exposure separately.
The Sony A6400 keeps adjusting the exposure while shooting in Cont. Shooting or Spd Priority Cont. mode. Operation using the AEL button is prioritized over the AEL w/ shutter settings.
Exposure Std. Adjust
Adjusts this camera’s standard for the correct exposure value for each metering mode. You can set a value from -1 EV to +1 EV in 1/6 EV increments.
MENU – Red Camera Icon – page 10 (flash settings)
If you’re interested in flash photography, you’ll need to purchase a hot shoe flash. I would suggest a Godox, as these can both use HSS and TTL, and are quite cheap. (Also available in the Quick Menu accessed by pressing the FN button
If you’d like to get more into flash photography, you should read up on the different possibilities and what their effect would be on your images. This is a basic explanation of what the different modes do:
- fill flash: A fill flash is useful even in daylight to fill the shadows with light (like a person in the shade).
- Slow sync: Tells the camera to use a longer shutter speed along with a flash, and thus is better for night shots. In manual and shutter priority modes, there is no difference in flash power. But when using aperture priority, program, or auto, choosing slow sync tells the Sony A6400 to use a longer shutter speed than it would ordinarily pick.What the slow sync flash mode does is a first fire the flash for the subject exposure, then allow for a longer shutter speed that will allow for more ambient light to be captured by the sensor.
- Rear Sync: Capturing an image involves two shutter actions: one when the capture starts and on when it stops. Rear Sync tells the flash to fire right before the shutter closes. Moving objects will show a streak where they came from and a sharp image where they were at the end of the exposure. This conveys a sense of speed with moving objects. Rear Sync is a creative technique, if you’d like to know more about this type of photography, I’d suggest doing a Google search on ‘Rear Sync Flash Photography.’
- Wireless: Select wireless is if want to use the in-camera flash to trigger an external flash like the Sony HVL-43M (with TTL!). Using an external flash is helpful when shooting weddings and dimly-lit subject matter, You can use your main flash to light the subject, and your external flash to light the background.
Flash comp or Flash compensation:
Especially when using Slow Sync or Rear Sync Flash modes, you might have to lower the power of the Flash to get a decently exposed image. (Also available in the Quick Menu accessed by pressing the FN button).
Exp comp set:
Selects if the Exposure compensation function (+-5 in 0.5EV or 0.3EV steps) also reduces flash power or not. Leave it to Ambient And Flash, unless if you want to use HSS sync with flashes, then it is handy to be able to control exposure and flash output separately.
There are two methods for wireless flash shooting:
- light-signal flash shooting that uses the light of the flash attached to the camera as a signal light,
- radio-signal flash shooting that uses wireless communication. To perform radio-signal flash shooting, use a compatible flash or the Wireless Radio Commander (sold separately). For details on how to set each method, refer to the instruction manual of the flash or the Wireless Radio Commander.
Red Eye Reduction:
This anti-Red Eye setting quickly fires the flash before your image capture starts, reducing the red-eye effect often seen when using a flash.
MENU – Red Camera Icon – page 11 (Color, White Balance, and Image processing settings page 1)
You can either set the white balance to Auto, where the camera tries to guess what the neutral grey value is, or use one of the preset white balance settings for different lighting conditions or customize the white balance according to your preference or using a grey card.
Priority Set in AWB
Selects which tone to prioritize when shooting under lighting conditions such as incandescent light when White Balance is set to Auto.
Standard: Shoots with standard auto white balance. The camera automatically adjusts the color tones.
Ambience: Prioritizes the color tone of the light source. This is suitable when you want to produce a warm atmosphere.
White: Prioritizes a reproduction of white color when the color temperature of the light source is low.
This stands for Dynamic range optimise and analyses the contrast of your scene in real-time. It produces an image with optimal brightness and recovered shadow detail. You can use this function even while the subject is moving or during the continuous shooting.
(not available for RAW captures) this feature Shoots three images with different exposures and then overlays the bright area of the underexposed image and the dark area of the overexposed image to create a picture with an extended range from highlight to shadow.
The highlight detail in auto HDR is better than that in DRO and with reduced noise. The shutter is released three times, so using this function for moving subjects is not recommended.
The Sony creative styles can best be explained as being film emulations (the same way as do some other camera manufacturers implements this). There is a range of styles available from vivid colour to black and white. If you’re shooting RAW, these styles are embedded, but can always be zeroed after importing them to you RAW editor of choice. Jpegs are saved with this styling applied. It is always useful to try some of these, and can be a real boost for your creativity, as you will notice that you make different images in say black-and-white as opposed to colour.
- Standard: For shooting various scenes with rich gradation and beautiful colors.
- Vivid: The saturation and contrast are heightened for shooting striking images of colorful scenes and subjects such as flowers, spring greenery, blue sky, or ocean views.
- Neutral: The saturation and sharpness are lowered for shooting images in subdued tones. This is also suitable for capturing image material to be modified with a computer.
- Clear: For shooting images in clear tones with limpid colors in highlight, suitable for capturing radiant light.
- Deep: For shooting images with deep and dense colors, suitable for capturing the solid presence of the subject.
- Light: For shooting images with bright and simple colors, suitable for capturing a refreshingly light ambience.
- Portrait: For capturing skin in a soft tone, ideally suited for shooting portraits.
- Landscape: The saturation, contrast, and sharpness are heightened for shooting vivid and crisp scenery. Distant landscapes also stand out more. Sunset: For shooting the beautiful red of the setting sun.
- Night Scene: The contrast is lowered for reproducing night scenes.
- Autumn leaves: For shooting autumn scenes, vividly highlighting the reds and yellows of changing leaves.
- Black & White: For shooting images in black and white monotone.
- Sepia: For shooting images in sepia monotone.
- You can edit these different styles and save your own creative style if you want.
- This functionality can be changed:
- Contrast: The higher the value selected, the more the difference of light and shadow is accentuated, and the bigger the effect on the image.
- Saturation: The higher the value selected, the more vivid the color. When a lower value is selected, the color of the image is restrained and subdued.
- Sharpness: Adjusts the sharpness. The higher the value selected, the more the contours are accentuated, and the lower the value selected, the more the contours are softened.
Think of this menu as an Instagram app right in your Sony A6400, with all kinds of retro filters and effects. These are only available when quality is set to Jpeg (Not in RAW).
- Off: Disables the Picture Effect function.
- Toy Camera: Creates a soft image with shaded corners and reduced sharpness.
- Pop Color: Creates a vivid look by emphasizing color tones.
- Posterization: Creates a high contrast, abstract look by heavily emphasizing primary colors, or in black and white.
- Retro Photo: Creates the look of an aged photo with sepia color tones and faded contrast.
- Soft High-key: Creates an image with the indicated atmosphere: bright, transparent, ethereal, tender, soft.
- Partial Color: Creates an image which retains a specific color, but converts others to black and white.
- High Contrast Mono.: Creates a high-contrast image in black and white.
- Rich-tone Mono.: Creates an image in black and white with rich gradation and reproduction of details.
Allows you to change the settings for the color, gradation, etc.
The basic contrast and coloring are defined by the combination of Gamma (gamma curve) and Color Mode (color characteristics) settings.
- Movie: Standard gamma curve for video.
- Still: Standard gamma curve for still images.
- Cine1: Softens the contrast in darker image areas and emphasizes gradation changes in lighter image areas, producing a subdued tone overall (equivalent to HG4609G33) Gamma curve that obtains a dynamic range of 460% when the exposure is adjusted to 33% video output with 18% reflectance gray. The maximum value of video output is 109%. Images shot with this gamma can be used without grading, but since the images have smooth gradation characteristics, this can be used to grade and finalize the viewed image in the post-production process.
- Cine2: Similar results to [Cine1] but optimized for editing with up to 100% video signal (equivalent to HG4600G30)
Gamma curve that obtains a dynamic range of 460% when the exposure is adjusted to 30% video output with 18% reflectance gray. The maximum value of video output is 100%.
- Cine3: Stronger contrast between dark and light image areas and greater emphasis on black gradation changes (compared to [Cine1] and [Cine2])
- Cine4: Stronger contrast than [Cine3] in darker image areas.
- ITU709 ITU709 gamma curve (low-light gain of 4.5).
- ITU709: (800%) Gamma curve for checking scenes recorded using [S-Log2] or [S-Log3].
- S-Log2 [S-Log2] gamma curve. This setting is selected when some grading work will be performed after recording. The exposure is set so that 18% reflectance gray video is output as 32%. Under these conditions, a dynamic range of 1,300% is obtained with 90% reflectance white. The maximum value of video output is 106%.
- S-Log3: [S-Log3] gamma curve with characteristics closer to those of film. This setting is selected when some grading work will be performed after recording. It allows for better reproduction of gradations in shadows and the mid-tone range than S-Log2. The exposure is set so that 18% reflectance gray video is output as 41%. Under these conditions, a dynamic range of 1,300% is obtained with 90% reflectance white. As a characteristic of S-Log3, the dynamic range can be extended above 1,300%. However, Picture Profile is set to a dynamic range of 1,300% in order to maintain a balance with camera performance. Under these conditions, the maximum value of video output is 94%.
- Movie Color tones for [Movie] gamma curve (standard color reproduction for movies when Picture Profile is not used)
- Still Color tones for [Still] gamma curve (standard color reproduction for still images when Picture Profile is not used)
- Cinema Color tones for [Cine1] and [Cine2] gamma curve
- Pro Color tones similar to standard Sony broadcast camera image quality (used in combination with [ITU709] gamma curve)
- ITU709 Matrix ITU709 color tones (used in combination with [ITU709] gamma curve)
- Black & White Sets the saturation to 0 for recording in black and white
S-Gamut Setting based on the assumption that some grading work will be performed after recording. Used when [Gamma] is set to [S-Log2].
- S-Gamut3.Cine Setting based on the assumption that some grading work will be performed after recording. Used when [Gamma] is set to [S-Log3].
- This setting is easier to use than [S-Gamut3], because it limits the color space to a more practical range than that of [S-Gamut3]. It is recommended in cases where [S-Gamut3], a wide color space, is not required.
- S-Gammut3 Setting based on the assumption that some grading work will be performed after recording. Used when [Gamma] is set to [S-Log3].
This setting has a wider color space than that of [S-Gamut3.Cine]. It is suited for converting images to a format with a wide color space like BT.2020.
Depending on the type of camera, the entire [S-Gamut3] color space may not be supported.
This function adjusts the black level of the image -15 to +15. As an image effect, you can emphasize the color black to create an image that gives a powerful impression, or you can weaken black to give the image a soft impression.
Shifting Black Level in the minus direction emphasizes the black color in the image, while changing the level in the plus direction weakens the black color.
If you want to simulate an old film, or capture winter morning fog, the black level value should be increased. If you decrease the value, gradations in dark areas will be smoothed out, making the areas appear in crisp black. When using multiple fixed cameras to shoot the same subject from different angles, the balance between subject and background often varies. This balance variation may cause the black color in the subject to appear different when cameras are switched. However, this is an optical illusion. If it occurs, you can correct it by adjusting Black Level to make the black color look the same.
When using multiple fixed cameras to shoot the same subject from different angles, the balance between subject and background often varies.
This balance variation may cause the black color in the subject to appear different when cameras are switched. However, this is an optical illusion. If it occurs, you can correct it by adjusting Black Level to make the black color look the same.
This function lets you alter the shape of the selected gamma curve and adjust gradations in dark image areas. Range available between Wide, Middle or Narrow. Leven between -7 and +7.
[Range] controls the luminance range that Black Gamma influences. The [Narrow] setting keeps the range close to black, while the [Wide] setting extends the range to gray. [Range] should be set narrower when you want to control the quality of dark areas. If you want to adjust the overall image tone, [Range] should be set wider. At first, it may be a good idea to start from the [Narrow] setting.
Increasing the [Level] value brightens the image, whereas decreasing the value makes the image darker. For example, if you set [Range] to [Narrow] and decrease the [Level] value, you can create an image with dark areas that are similar to the ones seen in films. Unlike Black Level, Black Gamma Level adjusts luminance subtly.
This function sets the knee point and slope for video signal compression to prevent over-exposure by limiting signals in high-intensity areas of the subject to the dynamic range of your Sony A6400.
First, select whether to set the knee point and slope automatically or manually in [Mode], and then adjust each setting.
Knee > Mode: Auto / Manual
Knee > Auto Set > Max Point: 90% to 100%
Knee > Auto Set > Sensitivity: High / Mid / Low
Knee > Manual Set > Point: 75% to 105%
Knee > Manual Set > Slope: –5 to +5
- Automatically adjusts the knee based on what is selected in the following settings (when [Movie] or [ITU709] is selected in [Gamma]).[Max Point] determines the maximum knee point level (white level). The knee slope is automatically adjusted according to the Max Point setting. The standard is to keep it at 100%. A lower setting will turn white grayish, while a higher setting will discard gradations in high luminance areas.[Sensitivity] changes the luminance level at which the knee’s automatic adjustment starts. When set to [High], the knee’s automatic adjustment starts at lower input signal levels than normal. When set to [Low], the knee’s automatic adjustment starts at higher input signal levels than normal.When a parameter other than [Movie] or [ITU709] is selected in [Gamma], the gamma curve will not exceed the White clip point and over-exposure rarely occurs. When [Mode] is set to [Auto] with these settings, the Knee function is disabled. If you want to enable the Knee function, set [Mode] to [Manual].
- Sticks to settings based on the following selections.[Point] sets the position of the knee point output level.[Slope] determines the inclination of the knee slope.
A negative slope setting results in a gentler knee slope angle. This expands the dynamic range, but reduces the ability to produce rich gradations. A positive slope setting makes the knee slope inclination steeper. This shrinks the dynamic range, but bolsters the ability to express gradations. When [Slope] is set to +5, the Knee function is disabled.Set [Point] and [Slope] in [Manual Set] in combination. If you select a higher setting for [Point] and a gentler setting for [Slope], you can obtain video-like sharp highlight effects. If softer film-like highlight effects are desired, select a lower setting for [Point] and a steeper setting for [Slope]. In practical terms, move [Point] and [Slope] up and down in opposite directions while checking the gradations in high luminance areas until you find the ideal settings.
A positive value results in more vivid colors, while a negative value presents faded colors. Saturation must be adjusted in tandem with contrast. Bright and vivid settings produce video-like images, while dark and vivid settings result in film-like images. The combination of bright and light creates pastel tones, whereas dark and light settings create artistic finishes.
As you rotate the color wheel to the left (decreasing the set value) or to the right (increasing the set value), the colors shift along the spectrum from red to yellow, green, cyan, blue, magenta and red. Because this affects all colors, it is difficult to make specific adjustments exactly as intended. Use this function when matching coloring closely between different cameras.
This function adjusts the luminance for each color phase. The luminance changes more drastically when the selected color is richer (higher saturation). It does not change much at all when the color is achromatic.
A higher set value lowers luminance while deepening the color. A lower set value increases luminance, making the color look paler.
This setting does not only enhance the apparent vividness of colors, but also can express deep, dark colors.
Because each of the 6 colors — R (Red), G (Green), B (Blue), C (Cyan), M (Magenta), Y (Yellow) — can be adjusted individually, you can apply this function to just the colors you want to emphasize.
Emphasizing image edges (Detail)
This function adjusts how much detail is applied to the subject’s image edges.
Because settings other than [Level] are quite complex, we recommend you start by adjusting only the [Level] setting first.
This function determines the strength of detail image processing to be applied.
If you apply too much detail, the subject’s original atmosphere may be undermined, as its translucence may be lost or it may be given an unnatural luster. Excessive detail when shooting shiny leaves, for instance, may result in the leaves looking as if they are made of plastic. It is also advisable to apply detail only modestly when shooting paintings.
Because Detail makes image edges wider, the original texture of a subject consisting of very fine lines may be lost if too much detail processing is applied. (Example: thin lace curtains)
Also, be aware that Detail may fatten up the edges of noise particles that appear under a high gain setting, and may make such particles highly noticeable. In such cases, you can adjust the amount of detail processing on the noise particles by using the [Crispening] function.
The image edges become more visible when viewed on large screens. It may be advisable to ease off on Detail if you plan to view the image on large TVs or screens.
MENU – Red Camera Icon – page 12 (Color, White Balance and Image processing settings page 2)
Soft Skin Effect
If you’re using this camera mainly for pics of friends and family, this is an excellent feature, as it will soften and smooth skin tones make you and your beloved ones look their best. (only available when quality is set to Jpeg)
Shutter AWB Lock
You can set whether or not to lock the white balance while the shutter button is pressed when White Balance is set to Auto or Underwater Auto. This function prevents unintentional changes to the white balance during continuous shooting or when shooting with the shutter button pressed halfway down.
MENU – Red Camera Icon – page 13 (Focus assist settings)
When focussing manually or in DMF mode, you can set the Sony A6400 to magnify a part of the screen so you can check focus. This sub-menu allows you to select the part of the image that will be magnified during shooting.
Focus Magnif Time
You can set how long to hold the magnified area during MF assist. 2 sec, 5 seconds or no limit. 2 seconds is how I have it set up.
AF in Focus Mag.
You can focus on the subject more accurately using auto-focus by magnifying the area where you want to focus. While the magnified image is displayed, you can focus on a smaller area than the flexible spot.
Magnify the image by pressing the center of the control wheel, and then adjust the position using top/bottom/right/left of the control wheel.
Press the shutter button halfway down to focus.
Press the shutter button all the way down to shoot.
This works in conjunction with the Focus Magnifier found on this page too You might remember that you can select the area to magnify there when using manual focus (MF). MF assist will need to be turned on if you want to use this feature.
Peaking Level is a manual focusing aid which works when you have your Sony A6400 set to MF or DMF.
You can choose the color of this Peaking between Red, white and yellow. I have it set to red, as this contrasts nicely with most scenes you capture.
MENU – Red Camera Icon – page 14 (Face Detection and shoot assist settings)
If you register faces in advance, the product can detect the registered face as a priority when [Face Detection] is set to [On (Regist. Faces)]. Shoot the face from the front in a brightly lit place. The face may not be registered correctly if it is obscured by a hat, a mask, sunglasses, etc.
- MENU – Camera Settings 1 – Face Registration – New Registration
- Align the guide frame with the face to be registered, and press the shutter button.
- When a confirmation message appears, select Enter.
Regist. Faces Priority
Sets whether to focus with higher priority on faces registered using Face Registration when Face Priority in AF]is set to On.
Great for selfies as the camera automatically shoots an image when it detects a smiling face. Up to 8 faces of your subjects can be detected.
Auto Object Framing
When enabled, the Sony 6400 will automatically crop your captured image to what it deems best. Meaning it will cut the picture for a nicer composition. Only available for Jpegs, though, a nice feature if you don’t want to bother too much with the technical side of photography.
As you probably know, you can change the angle of the monitor and shoot images while watching the monitor.
Simple turn this setting on, flip the screen and press the shutter button. The camera will start shooting after three seconds.
MENU – Purple Camera Icon – page 1 (Movie settings page 1)
You can select the exposure mode for movie shooting here.
- Program Auto / Program Auto: Allows you to shoot with the exposure adjusted automatically (both the shutter speed and the aperture value).
- Aperture Priority / Aperture Priority: Allows you to shoot after adjusting the aperture value manually.
- Shutter Priority / Shutter Priority: Allows you to shoot after adjusting the shutter speed manually.
- Manual Exposure / Manual Exposure: Allows you to shoot after adjusting the exposure (both the shutter speed and the aperture value) manually.
S&Q Exposure Mode
You can select the exposure mode for slow-motion/quick-motion shooting. You can change the setting and playback speed for slow-motion/quick-motion shooting with S&Q Settings later.
- Program Auto / Program Auto: Allows you to shoot with the exposure adjusted automatically (both the shutter speed and the aperture value).
- Aperture Priority / Aperture Priority: Allows you to shoot after adjusting the aperture value manually.
- Shutter Priority / Shutter Priority: Allows you to shoot after adjusting the shutter speed manually.
- Manual Exposure / Manual Exposure: Allows you to shoot after adjusting the exposure (both the shutter speed and the aperture value) manually.
File Format (video)
You can choose between XAVC S 4K, XAVC S H or AVCHD. You’ll need a fast UHS Speed Class U3 SD card to record at 100 Mbps or more.
- XAVC S 4K: Records 4K movies in the XAVC S format. This format supports a high bit rate. Audio: LPCM
- XAVC S HD: Records HD movies in the XAVC S format. This format supports a high bit rate. Audio: LPCM. The file size of movies is limited to approx. 2 GB. If the movie file size reaches approx. 2 GB during recording, a new movie file will be created automatically.
- AVCHD: Records HD movies in the AVCHD format. This file format is suitable for high-definition TV. Audio: Dolby Digital
Record Setting (video):
You can choose the quality of recorded video here. Select the image size, frame rate, and image quality for movie recording. The higher the bit-rate, the higher the picture quality. Frame- and bit-rate differ depending on your movie file format.
When File Format is set to XAVC S 4K you have these options:
- 30p or 25p 100M: (Records movies in 3840×2160).
- 30p or 25p 60M: (Records movies in 3840×2160).
- 24p 100M: Records movies in 3840×2160 (24p).
- 24p 60M: Records movies in 3840×2160 (24p).
When File Format is set to XAVC S HD you have these options:
- 60p 50M/50p 50M: Records movies in 1920×1080 (60p/50p).
- 60p 25M/50p 25M: Records movies in 1920×1080 (60p/50p).
- 30p 50M/25p 50M: Records movies in 1920×1080 (30p/25p).
- 30p 16M25p 16M: Records movies in 1920×1080 (30p/25p).
- 24p 50M: Records movies in 1920×1080 (24p).
- 120p 100M/100p 100M: Records high-speed movies in 1920×1080.
- 120p 60M/100p 60M: Records high-speed movies in 1920×1080.
When File Format is set to AVCHD you have these options:
- 60i 24M(FX)/50i 24M(FX): Records movies in 1920×1080.
- 60i 17M(FH)/50i 17M(FH): Records movies in 1920×1080.
You can do slow-motion recording or record quick-motion recording. The sound will not be recorded. In a slow-motion recording, the shutter speed becomes faster and you may not be able to obtain the proper exposure. If this happens, decrease the aperture value or adjust the ISO sensitivity to a higher value.
How to record slow motion movie on the Sony A6400:
- Set the mode dial to (Movie/S&Q Motion).
- Select MENU- (Camera Settings2)-[Movie/S&Q Motion]- and select the desired setting of slow-motion/quick-motion (S&Q) ( Program Auto, Aperture Priority, Shutter Priority, or Manual Exposure).
- Select MENU- (Camera Settings2)-[ S&Q Settings] and select the desired settings for [ Record Setting] and [ Frame Rate].
- Press the MOVIE (movie) button to start recording. Press the MOVIE button again to stop recording.
Record Setting: Selects the frame rate of the movie.
Frame Rate: Selects the shooting frame rate.
Playback speed: The playback speed will vary as below depending on the assigned Record Setting and the Frame Rate.
MENU –Purple Camera Icon– page 2 (Movie settings page 2)
AF Drive Speed (movie)
You can switch focusing speed when using autofocus in movie mode.
- Fast: Sets the AF drive speed to fast. This mode is suitable for shooting active scenes, such as sports.
- Normal: Sets the AF drive speed to normal.
- Slow: Sets the AF drive speed to slow. With this mode, the focus switches smoothly when the subject to be focused is changed.
AF Track Sens (movie)
You can set the AF sensitivity separately in movie mode.
- Responsive: Sets the AF sensitivity to high. This mode is useful when recording movies in which the subject is moving quickly.
- Standard: Sets the AF sensitivity to normal.
- Locked on: Sets the AF sensitivity to low. You can shoot with a stable focus by ignoring the influence of anything in front of the subject.
Auto Slow Shut. (movie)
Sets whether or not to adjust the shutter speed automatically when recording dark scenes.
- On: Uses Auto Slow Shutter. The shutter speed automatically slows when recording in dark locations. You can reduce noise in the movie by using a slow shutter speed when recording in dark locations.
- Off: Does not use Auto Slow Shut. The recorded movie will be darker than when On is selected, but you can record movies with smoother motion and less object blur.
Initial Focus Mag. (movie)
Sets the initial magnification scale for the Focus Magnifier functionality in the movie shooting mode. You can choose between 1 or 4 times magnification to check focus.
You can switch off audio recording in movie mode. When you record audio movies with loud volumes, set Audio Rec Level to a lower sound level. Doing so enables you to record more realistic audio. When you record audio movies with lower volumes, set Audio Rec Level to a higher sound level to make the sound easier to hear. Regardless of the Audio Rec Level settings, the limiter always operates.
Audio Rec Level
You can adjust the audio recording level while checking the level meter.
MENU -Purple Camera Icon- page 3 (Movie settings page 3)
Audio Level Display
Sets whether to display the audio level on the screen.
Don’t see the audio level display?
- Check if Audio Recording]is set to Off.
- Check if DISP (Display Setting) is set to No Disp. Info.
During slow-motion/quick-motion shooting, audio is automatically turned OFF.
Wind Noise Reduction
This helps reduce noise from the wind during video recording.
Marker Display (movie)
Select if you want guidelines (a grid) in movie mode. The markers are displayed on the monitor or viewfinder
Marker Settings (movie)
Sets the markers to be displayed while shooting movies. You can display several markers at the same time.
- Center: Sets whether or not to display the center marker in the center of the shooting screen. (Off or On)
- Aspect: Sets the aspect marker display. (Off, 4:3, 13:9, 14:9, 15:9, 1.66:1, 1.85:1, 2.35:1)
- Safety Zone: Sets the safety zone display. This becomes the standard range that can be received by a general household TV. (Off, 80%, 90%)
- Guideframe: Sets whether or not to display the guide frame. You can verify whether the subject is level or perpendicular to the ground.
Movie w/ shutter
You can start or stop recording movies by pressing the shutter button, which is bigger and easier to press than the Movie button.
MENU – Purple Camera Icon- page 4 (Shutter and Steadyshot settings)
You can shoot images without the shutter sound, i.e. only using the electronic shutter.
e-Front Curtain Shut.
This shortens the time lag between shutter releases. When you shoot at high shutter speeds with a large diameter lens attached, the ghosting of a blurred area may occur, depending on the subject or shooting conditions. When a lens made by another manufacturer (including a Minolta/Konica-Minolta lens) is used, set this function to Off. If you set this function to On, the correct exposure will not be set or the image brightness will be uneven.
Release without lens
Makes it possible to capture images even if a lens is not supported by the Sony A6400. (Like when using an adapter with vintage lenses)
Release without card
If set to Off, you won’t be able to engage the shutter when there is no SD card in the slot. This is a useful failsafe to prevent you from shooting images without the ability to save them.
Sets whether or not to use the SteadyShot (digital stabilisation in this case) function.For optimal sharpness, turn it off when using a tripod.
MENU – Purple Camera Icon- page 5 (zoom settings)
Turn the digital zoom functionality on or off.
Set to Optical zoom only (using the optical zoom capabilities of your lens.Two other settings are available which use digital zoom (cropping of the original image).
Pictures captured by the image sensor of the Sony A6400 are enlarged using digital signal processing. As the magnification level increases, signals to be also estimated growth and can reduce the picture quality.
Clear Image Zoom:
Zoomed images are captured close to the original quality when shooting a still picture. The camera first zooms to the maximum optical magnification, then uses Clear Image Zoom technology to enlarge the image an additional 2x, producing clear, sharp images despite the increased zoom ratio. If you don’t have a zoom lens, this might be an option as the Sony A6400 uses the RAW file to zoom; although still some image quality will be lost.
Zoom ring rotate
Assigns zoom in (T) or zoom out (W) functions to the zoom ring rotation direction. Available only with power zoom lenses that support this function.
MENU – Purple Camera Icon- page 6 (Display and Auto Review settings page 1)
Selects the functionality (what is shown) on the screen when you press the DISP button (on the control wheel). You can choose Graphic Display, all info, no disp info, and histogram.
You can set the behavior of the EVF and screen here. Do you want your screen on all the time, switch between screen and EVF once your eye has been detected near the viewfinder? Or turn the screen off and only use the EVF? It can all be selected here.
Finder Frame Rate
Display the subject’s movements more smoothly by adjusting the frame rate of the viewfinder during still image shooting. This function is convenient when shooting a fast-moving subject.
- 120fps/100fps: Displays the movements of the subject more smoothly on the viewfinder.
- 60fps/50fps: Displays the subject at a normal frame rate on the viewfinder.
The zebra function shows a zebra pattern on the screen while shooting in any area that is in danger of highlight clipping.
You can switch this OFF or anywhere in a range between 70 and 100.
The Zebra Pattern is a highlight warning indicator that is common in video cameras. It does not control exposure but just warns you that your highlights are blown out. It is not recorded into the resulting image.
I have it set halfway at around 75, and it is a very useful indication of correct exposure of the entire scene.
Sets whether the grid line is displayed or not. The grid line will help you to adjust the composition of images.
- Rule of 3rds Grid: Place main subjects close to one of the grid lines that divide the image into thirds for a well-balanced composition.
- Square Grid: Square grids make it easier to confirm the horizontal level of your composition. This is suitable to determine the quality of the composition when shooting landscape, close-up, or duplicated images.
- Diag. Square Grid: Place a subject on the diagonal line to express an uplifting and powerful feeling.
- Off: Does not display the grid line.
Exposure set guide
The exposure set guide is an on-screen scroller that tells you the relation between your chosen aperture and the appropriate shutter speed for the scene you are shooting. I find this quite handy, but you can turn it off if you don’t.
MENU – Purple Camera Icon- page 7 (Display and Auto Review settings page 2)
Live view Display
Live view display allows you to see the image you’re going to capture with the settings you have dialed-in like aperture and shutter speed. Some users report easier autofocusing in low light when it’s turned OFF, and you’d need to turn it off when using external flashes too that can’t be used with Sony’s TTL (through the lens) functionality.
You can check your captured image on the screen directly after shooting. You can select how long the image will stay on the screen (10, 5 or 2 seconds). I find this very annoying, so I turned it off. If you want to review your image, you can simply press play to do so.
MENU – Purple Camera Icon- page 8 (Custom operation settings page 1)
Custom Key(Shoot.)/Custom Key(PB)
You can assign the desired function to the desired key. Some functions are available only when they are assigned to a custom key.
The keys that can be assigned functions are different for Custom Key Shoot.]and Custom Key PB.
You can assign the desired functions to the following keys. You can also assign a shooting function to the focus hold button on the lens. However, some lenses do not have a focus hold button.2 1.
- Custom Button 1
- Custom Button2
- AF/MF Button/AEL Button
- Fn/ Button
- Control Wheel (Center Button/Down Button/Left Button/Right Button)
- Custom Button 3
In the Custom Key menu I have assigned the AEL button to cycle between the 6 remaining AF area. I typically start wide and only come down in size if I am trying to avoid picking up subjects that are nearer to the camera than my primary subject. Some will start with an Expand Flexible Spot but you have to be quick at moving the Spot onto a moving target to start the tracking in order to be successful.
Prior to the new AF Tracking I would normally recommend people to use a Wide or Zone AF area and only use Lock-on AF Areas when obstacles might appear in front of the subject. Now I will be recommending ‘Tracking’ as the default AF Area for shooting action/sports.
Function Menu Set.
You can assign the functions to be called up when you press the Fn (Function) button.
My Dial Settings
You can switch the functions of the front/rear dial between shutter speed and aperture.
You can switch the functions of the control dial and the control wheel.
MENU – Purple Camera Icon- page 9 (Custom operation settings page 2)
Sets the direction of rotation for the front dial, rear dial, or control wheel when changing the aperture value or shutter speed. Normal or reverse.
Dial/Wheel Ev Comp
You can compensate the exposure using the front or rear dial. You can adjust the exposure in a range of -5.0 EV to 5.0 EV.
Func. of Touch Oper.
Select the functionality of the touch screen. There are two choices:
- Touch Shutter: When you shoot using the monitor, the camera automatically focuses on the point you touch and shoots a still image.
- Touch Focus: You can select a subject on which to focus using touch operations in the still image and movie recording modes.
Sets whether or not to activate the Movie button.
Always: Starts movie recording when you press the MOVIE button in any mode.
Movie Mode Only: Starts movie recording when you press the MOVIE button only if the shooting mode is set to “Movie/S&Q Motion” mode.
You can set whether the dials and wheels will be locked by pressing and holding the Fn (Function) button. You can release the lock by holding the Fn (Function) button down again.
- Lock: Locks the front and rear dials when you press and hold the Fn button.
- Unlock: The front or rear dials are not locked, even if you press and hold the Fn (Function) button.
Selects whether the product produces a sound or not, for example when the focus is achieved by pressing the shutter button halfway down.
MENU – Network Settings – page 1 (Wireless settings page 1)
Send To Smartphone
You can send one or several images directly to your wireless device (phone or tablet) by pressing this button.
You can either decide to choose which images you want to transfer on the Sony A6400 or the wireless device (via the Sony PlayMemories app, available for free in the apple or android store).
You’ll have to connect the-the camera via Wifi first (it makes a Wifi access point), using the instruction on the A6400 screen.
It works just like connecting to any other access point with your phone or tablet.
You should do this as quickly as possible, just to get it out of the way.
When your phone has wirelessly connected to the camera once, and you’ve entered the password, it will remember this, and make it a lot faster to connect later.
Send to Computer
You’ll need to connect the computer physically to the Sony A6400 using the supplied USB cable, and you can push selected pictures to your Sony PlayMemories desktop software (installed from the CD or downloaded from their website). This can even be set up to continue pushing images after the camera has turned off.
View On TV
If you have a Wifi-enabled TV, you can see pictures and slideshows directly from your Sony A6400 through your home wireless network.
One Touch NFC
Enables Quick, one-touch connection (as opposed to first accessing the camera’s wireless network and then navigating to the Playmemories app) with NFC (near-field communication) capable devices.
I have not tried this (as my iPhone does not have NFC), but it looks a lot easier to use.
Disables all wireless functionality, just like airplane mode does on your phone.
If your access point has the Wi-Fi Protected Setup (WPS) button, you can register the access point to this product easily by pushing the Wi-Fi Protected Setup (WPS) button.
Access Point Set.
You can register your access point manually. Before starting the procedure, check the SSID name of the access point, security system, and password. The password may be preset in some devices. For details, see the access point operating instructions, or consult the access point administrator.
Disp MAC Address
Displays the MAC address of your Sony ILCE-A6400.
Your Sony A6400 shares the connection information for [Send to Smartphone] and [ Connection Info.] with a device that has permission to connect. If you want to change the device that is permitted to connect, reset the connection information.
MENU – Network Settings – page 2 (Wireless settings page 2)
Controls the settings for connecting the camera to a smartphone via a Bluetooth connection. You need to pair the camera and smartphone before using the location information interlocking function. If you want to pair the Sony A6400 and smartphone in order to use the location information interlocking function, refer to “Loc. Info. Link Set.."
Loc. Info. Link Set
You can use the application PlayMemories Mobile to obtain location information from a smartphone that is connected with your camera using Bluetooth communication. You can record the obtained location information when shooting images.
To use the location information linking function of the Sony A6400, you need the PlayMemories Mobile application on your smartphone and transfer an image to your smartphone to test the connection
Confirm that the Bluetooth function of your smartphone is activated. (Do not perform the Bluetooth pairing operation on the smartphone setting screen!!! In steps 2 to 7, the pairing operation is performed using the camera and the application PlayMemories Mobile. If you accidentally perform the pairing operation on the smartphone setting screen in step 1, cancel the pairing and then perform the pairing operation by following Steps 2 through 7 using the camera and the application PlayMemories Mobile.)
- On the camera, select MENU – (Wireless) – [Bluetooth Settings] – [Bluetooth Function] – [On].
- On the camera, select MENU – (Wireless) – [Bluetooth Settings] – [Pairing].
- Launch PlayMemories Mobile on your smartphone and tap “Location Information Linkage."
- Activate [Location Information Linkage] on the [Location Information Linkage] setting screen of PlayMemories Mobile.
- Select [OK] when a message is displayed on the monitor of the camera. Pairing of the camera and PlayMemories Mobile is complete.
- On the camera, select MENU – (Wireless) – [ Loc. Info. Link Set.] – [Location Info. Link] – [On].
- (obtaining location information icon) will be displayed on the monitor of the camera. Location information obtained by your smartphone using GPS, etc., will be recorded when shooting images.
Options in this Menu:
- Location Info. Link: Sets whether to obtain the location information by linking with a smartphone.
- Auto Time Correct.: Sets whether to automatically correct the date setting of the Sony A6400 using information from a linked smartphone.
- Auto Area Adjust.: Sets whether to automatically correct the area setting of the camera using information from a linked smartphone.
Edit Device name
If you wish, you can change the name of the Device Access point) perhaps to make it easier to identify which A6400 is yours in particular situations.
Reset Network set
Resets all network settings.
If something does not function properly, and you want to start from scratch, can be useful.
MENU – playback options – page 1 (Playback settings page 1)
Set your camera to not shoot images without inserting an SD card.
Change the orientation of images in-camera.
Delete one or multiple images stored on your SD cards.
Rate your images in-camera for easy culling in Lightroom afterward.
Rating Set (Cust Key)
Set a custom key for easy rating.
Specify Printing is a feature that allows images to be marked for printing later. Registered images are displayed with the DPOF mark. (DPOF stands for Digital Print Order Format)
MENU – playback options – page 2 (Playback settings page 2)
Captures a chosen scene in a movie to save as a still image. First shoot a movie, then pause the movie during playback to capture decisive moments that tend to be missed when shooting still images, and save them as still images.
Select an image and expand a portion of that picture. Useful for checking details and focus.
Enlarge Initial Mag.
Sets the initial magnification scale when playing back enlarged images.
Enlarge Initial Position
Sets the initial position when enlarging an image in playback. You can select either image center or the focus position.
Cont. PB for interval
Continuously plays back images shot using interval shooting.
You can create movies from still images produced by interval shooting using the computer software Imaging Edge. You cannot create movies from the still images on the camera.
PB Speed for interval
Sets the playback speed for still images during Continuous PB for interval.
MENU – playback options – page 2 (Playback settings page 3)
Select whether you want the camera to repeat slideshows when all pictures are viewed or not, and choose the interval between slides.
Select how the camera will arrange captured pictures in the viewing browser.
Choose whether you want the image browser to display 12 (larger) or 30 (smaller) images per page.
Display as group
When shooting bursts of images in Continuous Shooting it is possible during playback to see the groups of images rather than all images. When cycling through the groups you can see individual images in that group by pressing the Center Button in the Control Wheel.
Select whether you want the camera to rotate images automatically when you rotate the camera or not.
Image Jump Setting
Image Jump Settings allows you to choose which images you choose to see when reviewing them in Playback, e.g., you can choose only to see your rated images. This will be useful to implement when you want to show somebody just your hero images from the day’s shoot.
You can see all images by using the dial you have NOT assigned to see only the rated images.
MENU – Camera Setup – page 1
Manually set the Monitor brightness (recommended leave to zero) or change to a brighter setting for Sunny Weather.
Set to Auto, which adapts to the lighting circumstances or manually changes to your preferred setting.
Finder Color Temp
Change the color temperature of the viewfinder (colder-warmer) to you liking. I don’t make any adjustments here.
Gamma Disp. Assist
Movies with S-Log gamma are assumed to be processed after shooting in order to make use of the wide dynamic range. They are therefore displayed in low contrast during shooting and may be difficult to monitor, using [Gamma Disp. Assist], contrast equivalent to that of normal gamma can be reproduced. In addition, [Gamma Disp. Assist] can also be applied when playing back movies on the camera’s monitor/viewfinder.
Modify the playback volume for recorded video or demos.
choose between tiles or a tiled front page when accessing the MENU or a linear tab style menu layout
MENU – Camera Setup – page 2
Mode Dial Guide
Turn the description for each shooting mode ON or OFF. Can be handy at first for a novice user to get familiar with what the different shooting modes do.
When deleting images on your SD card, you’ll have to confirm every deletion (to make sure you don’t accidentally delete anything). You can turn Off this confirmation here if you wish.
You can change the display quality from standard to high at the expense of shorter battery life.
Power Save Start time
Sets time intervals to automatically switch to power save mode when you are not performing operations to prevent wearing down the battery pack. To return to shooting mode, perform an operation such as pressing the shutter button halfway down. I have it set to 5 minutes, a good balance between usability and battery life.
Auto Power OFF Temp.
Sets the temperature of the camera at which the Sony A6400 turns off automatically during shooting (overheating). When it is set to High, you can continue shooting even when the temperature of the camera gets hotter than normal. Do not shoot while holding the camera in your hand as it can cause burns. Use a tripod. This will give you a 9-minute increase in movie recording at high ambient temperatures.
Plays back movies recorded with the product on an NTSC/PAL system TV.
MENU – Camera Setup – page 3
If dust or debris gets inside the Sony A6400 and adheres to the surface of the image sensor (the part that converts the light to an electric signal), it may appear as dark spots on the image, depending on the shooting environment. If this happens, follow the steps below to clean the image sensor.
Sets whether or not to activate touch operations on the monitor. Touch operations when shooting with the monitor are referred to as “touch panel operations,” and touch operations when shooting with the viewfinder are referred to as “touch pad operations.”
- Touch Panel+Pad: Activates both the touch panel operations when shooting with the monitor and touchpad operations when shooting with the viewfinder.
- Touch Panel Only: Activates only the touch panel operations when shooting with the monitor.
- Touch Pad Only: Activates only the touch pad operations when shooting with the viewfinder. Off: Deactivates all touch operations.
- Off: Deactivates all touch operations.
Touch Pad Settings
Sets the area to be used for touchpad operations when shooting with the viewfinder. You can prevent unintentional operations caused by your nose, etc. touching the monitor.
- Whole Screen: Uses the entire monitor as the touchpad.
- Right 1/2 Area: Uses only the right half of the monitor as the touchpad.
- Right 1/4 Area: Uses only the right quarter of the monitor as the touchpad.
The Demo Mode function displays the movies recorded on the memory card automatically (demonstration) when the Sony A6400 has not been operated for a certain time. Normally select Off.
Timecode (TC) and the user bit (UB) information can be recorded as data attached to movies. This is used for synchronization of video in post production. The time code can be set between the following range: 00:00:00:00 to 23:59:59:29.
- TC/UB Disp. Setting: Sets the display for the counter, time code, and user bit.
- TC Preset: Sets the time code.
- UB Preset: Sets the user bit.
- TC Format: Sets the recording method for the time code. (Only when [NTSC/PAL Selector] is set to NTSC.)
- TC Run: Sets the count up format for the time code.
- TC Make: Sets the recording format for the time code on the recording medium.
- UB Time Rec: Sets whether or not to record the time as a user bit.
MENU – Camera Setup – page 4
You can operate this product and shoot images using the SHUTTER button, 2 SEC button (2-second delay shutter), and START/STOP button (or Movie button (RMT-DSLR2 only)) on the Wireless Remote Commander RMT-DSLR1 (sold separately) and RMT-DSLR2 (sold separately). Refer also to the operating instructions for the Wireless Remote Commander.
When you connect the product to a High Definition (HD) TV with HDMI terminals using an HDMI cable (sold separately), you can select HDMI Resolution to output images to the TV.
- Auto: The product automatically recognizes an HD TV and sets the output resolution.
- 2160p/1080p: Outputs signals in 2160p/1080p.
- 1080p: Outputs signals in HD picture quality (1080p).
- 1080i: Outputs signals in HD picture quality (1080i).
4K Output Sel.
Outputs still image in 4K resolution to an HDMI-connected TV that supports 4K.
Selects what will happen when you connect your Sony A6400 to your PC or MAC.
Auto: Establishes a Mass Storage or MTP connection automatically, depending on the computer or other USB devices to be connected. Windows 7 or Windows 8 computers are connected in MTP, and their unique functions are enabled for use.
Mass Storage: Establishes a Mass Storage connection between this product, a computer, and other USB devices.
MTP: Establishes an MTP connection between this product, a computer, and other USB devices. Windows 7 or Windows 8 computers are connected in MTP, and their unique functions are enabled for use.
PC Remote: Uses “Remote Camera Control" to control this product from the computer, including such functions as shooting and sto